The Long-Term Implications of Transformational Leadership

The study of transformational leadership theory, from the interview results as well as the research studies, indicates that the theory has various characteristics that necessitate its application in modern-day society. The theory is suitable, as most people agree, with the fact that leaders typically create a vision for the organization. The meaning of leadership, as explained by the theory, coincides with the social conception of the elements that constitute it.
Transformational leadership is also made viable for implementation, mostly due to the fact that it defines leadership as a process that takes place between the leader and the follower. This ensures the participation of both parties in enhancing the performance of an organization. More so, the results have portrayed that transformational leadership is something that combines the techniques of other leadership theories and styles. These include the transactional model that is focused on the attainment of goals. Transformational leadership, in addition to goal achievement, encompasses the exchange of rewards and concern for the needs of followers.
The results also indicated that the leadership theory lays great emphasis on the values and norms of followers. It is clear that transformational leadership seeks to ensure that leaders improve the moral responsibilities of followers. This involves convincing followers to take up challenges, and sacrifice their personal interests, all for the benefit of the company. This feature makes the theory stand out from other perspectives on leadership, as it is based on moral foundation. Additionally, the results indicate that the theory and its application are linked to organizational aspects of productivity, motivation, and job satisfaction.
Transformational leadership has been found to be applicable in organizations, as it provides a unique way of looking at issues. These are prescribed by motivation, ideals, inspiration, and besides concern, creativity and innovation. The theory is applicable in various sections of the organization including: human resources, team building, and decision-making. The aspect of gender was also brought up in the research. This implies that for women, transformational leadership encompasses aspects of work and family balance. This facilitates participation in economic activities. It is also clear that this theory calls for the utilization of ideas (to provide solutions for women), and to create role models for women to emulate.
Controversy and debate have, however, ensued in the application of the theory, as some information is not known or unclear. For instance, the use of the MLQ has been disputed by the view that it may lack structural validity. In using other methods of measurement such as interviews, the results are still disputed, simple based on the fact that a clear distinction among the elements of transformational leadership is difficult to establish. The theory has also been criticized, as it is viewed to perpetuate authoritarian and undemocratic leadership styles.
Transformational leadership has also been pointed out as a cause for development of heroic leadership. It has been viewed as a model that concentrates on the leader at the expense of followers. Critics argue that followers should be encouraged to challenge the views of the leader, as to participate in the process, and improve the overall results. The theory has been disputed by the fact that its principles can be manipulated or abused easily. A leader involved in transforming the values of followers, according to their own vision, may allow for things to take off in questionable directions – such as what happened with Enron.

READ  Tips To Help You With Leadership Skills